Articles | Volume 2, issue 2
J. Sens. Sens. Syst., 2, 157–164, 2013
J. Sens. Sens. Syst., 2, 157–164, 2013

Regular research article 24 Sep 2013

Regular research article | 24 Sep 2013

Novel fully-integrated biosensor for endotoxin detection via polymyxin B immobilization onto gold electrodes

A. Zuzuarregui1, S. Arana1,2, E. Pérez-Lorenzo1,2, S. Sánchez-Gómez3,*, G. Martínez de Tejada3, and M. Mujika1,2 A. Zuzuarregui et al.
  • 1CEIT and Tecnun (University of Navarra), Paseo Manuel Lardizábal No. 15, 20018 San Sebastián, Spain
  • 2CIC microGUNE, Goiru Kalea 9, 20500 Arrasate-Mondragon, Spain
  • 3Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Navarra, Irunlarrea 1, 31008, Spain
  • *current address: Immunoadjuvant unit, Bionanoplus, Noain, Spain

Abstract. In this paper an electrochemical endotoxin biosensor consisting of an immobilized lipopolysaccharide (LPS) ligand, polymyxin B (PmB), is presented. Several parameters involved both in the device fabrication and in the detection process were analyzed to optimize the ligand immobilization and the interaction between PmB and LPS, aiming at increasing the sensitivity of the sensor. Different electrochemical pre-treatment procedures as well as the functionalization methods were studied and evaluated. The use of a SAM (self-assembled monolayer) to immobilize PmB and the quantification of the interactions via cyclic voltammetry allowed the development of a robust and simple device for in situ detection of LPS. Thus, the biosensor proposed in this work intends an approach to the demanding needs of the market for an integrated, portable and simple instrument for endotoxin detection.