Piezoelectric transceiver matching for multiple frequencies
Abstract. Robust data transmission over long ranges with standard ultrasound devices is a challenge. Ultrasound indoor positioning systems in particular require long ranges and a robust data communication link. Fundamentally, a piezoelectric transducer has a narrow bandwidth for high sound pressure level and efficiency and is not suitable for broad-band applications. Moreover, ultrasound attenuation in the air increases quadratically within frequency, and thus ultrasound localization systems are restricted to low frequencies and low bandwidths.
This work presents a novel method to match a piezoelectric transceiver for multiple frequencies by using the parallel and the series resonance of the transceiver. The aim is to adjust the amplitudes at different frequencies from different senders to the same level, which is important for orthogonal frequency division multiplex communication systems. Hence, an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) with low dynamic range (low voltage resolution) can be used to measure multiple frequencies with the same resolution. As a result, the optimization decreases the required dynamic range by 6 dB. Consequently, the ADC requires 1 bit fewer to ensure the same resolution for all carrier frequencies.