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This paper deals with the electrical investigation of various sand mixtures used in foundries for mold and core production. It is possible to classify various molding sand mixtures reproducibly on the basis of their electrical characteristics. This knowledge can now be used to develop measurement systems for processes in the foundry industry and thus increase product quality. In addition, resources can be conserved, and functioning closed-loop systems can be integrated into foundry processes.
JSSS | Articles | Volume 10, issue 1
J. Sens. Sens. Syst., 10, 43–51, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/jsss-10-43-2021

Special issue: Sensors and Measurement Science International SMSI 2020

J. Sens. Sens. Syst., 10, 43–51, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/jsss-10-43-2021

Regular research article 24 Feb 2021

Regular research article | 24 Feb 2021

Characterization of sand and sand–binder systems from the foundry industry with electrical impedance spectroscopy

Luca Bifano et al.

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Cited articles

Belyaeva, T. A., Bobrov, P. P., Kroshka, E. S., Lapina, A. S., and Rodionova, O. V.: The effect of very low water content on the complex dielectric permittivity of clays, sand-clay and sand rocks, Meas. Sci. Technol., 28, 014005 , https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6501/28/1/014005, 2017. 
Bifano, L., Fischerauer, A., and Fischerauer, G.: Investigation of complex permittivity spectra of foundry sands, Technisches Messen, 87, 372–380, https://doi.org/10.1515/teme-2019-0121, 2020. 
Bifano, L., Fischerauer, A., Liedtke, A., and Fischerauer, G.: MUT 1-3 / Characterization of Sand and Sand-Binder Systems from the Foundry Industry with Electrical Impedance Spectroscopy, Universität Bayreuth, https://doi.org/10.15495/DO_UBT_1734, 2021. 
Dambrowski, J.: Validation of impedance-data and of impedance-based modeling approach of electrochemical cells by means of mathematical system theory, in: Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, Vienna, Austria, 10–13 November 2013, 1–7, 2013. 
Denes, M.: Umwelterklärung 2018: Daimler AG Standort Mannheim (Environmental Certificate: Daimler AG Mannheim plant, Daimler, Mannheim, 60 pp., 2018 (in German). 

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Short summary
This paper deals with the electrical investigation of various sand mixtures used in foundries for mold and core production. It is possible to classify various molding sand mixtures reproducibly on the basis of their electrical characteristics. This knowledge can now be used to develop measurement systems for processes in the foundry industry and thus increase product quality. In addition, resources can be conserved, and functioning closed-loop systems can be integrated into foundry processes.
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