Transmitted light pH optode for small sample volumes
- 1University of Applied Science Wildau, Department of Engineering and Natural Sciences, 15745 Wildau, Germany
- 2University of Rome Tor Vergata, Department of Industrial Engineering and INSTM, Via del Politecnico 1, 00133 Rome, Italy
Abstract. An innovative concept of a low-cost pH optode with working volumes of less than 150 µL is presented. The pH monitoring is based on the color changing effect of pH indicators. The optode includes an RGB color sensor patch TCS34725 from Adafruit, a controllable LED and reactor slides and is addressed by a self-written LabVIEW© software. Utilizing the hue value of the HSV color model, it is possible to analyze the color change of the indicator and estimate the pH value of the analyzed samples by exploiting sigmoidal fit models. Measurements carried out with phenol red and DMEM (Dulbecco's Modified Eagle's Medium) reported a standard error of calibration in the physiologic pH range (6.5–7.5) of ±0.04 pH units.