Articles | Volume 6, issue 1
Regular research article
31 Jan 2017
Regular research article |  | 31 Jan 2017

Concept for completeness checking of joined structures exemplified on rail vehicle car body shells

Uwe Jurdeczka

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Cited articles

Berndt, D. and Sauer, S.: Automatic Completeness Check: Optical Measurement Technologies Detect the Smallest of Errors, Press Release of Fraunhofer Institute for Factory Operation and Automation IFF, Magdeburg, 5 May 2014, available at:, (last access: 22 December 2016), 2014.
Berndt, D. and Warnemünde, R.: Flexible modellbasierte Montageprüfung, Prüfung durch Vergleich mit synthetischen Messdaten, available at: (last access: 5 December 2016), 2012.
Berndt, D. and Warnemünde, R.: Flexible model based assembly inspection, available at:, last access: 5 December 2016.
Demant, Ch., Streicher-Abel, B., and Garnica, C.: Industrial Image Processing, Visual Quality Control in Manufacturing, 2. Auflage, Springer Heidelberg Dordrecht London New York, 265–301, 2012.
DIN EN ISO 13920:1996-11: Schweißen – Allgemeintoleranzen für Schweißkonstruktionen – Längen- und Winkelmaße; Form und Lage (ISO 13920:1996); Beuth Verlag Berlin, Welding – General tolerances for welded constructions – Dimensions for lengths and angles; shape and position (ISO 13920:1996), German version EN ISO 13920:1996, 1996.

The requested paper has a corresponding corrigendum published. Please read the corrigendum first before downloading the article.

Short summary
Completeness checking of constructional steel structures with several hundred weld-on parts still represents a great challenge. By the use of 3-D scanners, it is possible to obtain sufficiently comprehensive information about the actual configuration (as-is state). By using an adapted algorithm for post-processing of the resulting point clouds, difference figures are superimposed over the respective 3-D model as the target state. The difference figures signal the missing parts.