Articles | Volume 3, issue 1
J. Sens. Sens. Syst., 3, 29–46, 2014
J. Sens. Sens. Syst., 3, 29–46, 2014

Review paper 22 Jan 2014

Review paper | 22 Jan 2014

Overview on conductometric solid-state gas dosimeters

I. Marr, A. Groß, and R. Moos I. Marr et al.
  • Department of Functional Materials, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany

Abstract. The aim of this article is to introduce the operation principles of conductometric solid-state dosimeter-type gas sensors, which have found increased attention in the past few years, and to give a literature overview on promising materials for this purpose. Contrary to common gas sensors, gas dosimeters are suitable for directly detecting the dose (also called amount or cumulated or integrated exposure of analyte gases) rather than the actual analyte concentration. Therefore, gas dosimeters are especially suited for low level applications with the main interest on mean values. The applied materials are able to change their electrical properties by selective accumulation of analyte molecules in the sensitive layer. The accumulating or dosimeter-type sensing principle is a promising method for reliable, fast, and long-term detection of low analyte levels. In contrast to common gas sensors, few devices relying on the accumulation principle are described in the literature. Most of the dosimeter-type devices are optical, mass sensitive (quartz microbalance/QMB, surface acoustic wave/SAW), or field-effect transistors. The prevalent focus of this article is, however, on solid-state gas dosimeters that allow a direct readout by measuring the conductance or the impedance, which are both based on materials that change (selectively in ideal materials) their conductivity or dielectric properties with gas loading. This overview also includes different operation modes for the accumulative sensing principle and its unique features.