Articles | Volume 8, issue 1
Review paper
24 Jan 2019
Review paper |  | 24 Jan 2019

An autonomous flame ionization detector for emission monitoring

Jan Förster, Winfred Kuipers, Christian Lenz, Steffen Ziesche, and Franz Bechtold

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Cited articles

DIN EN 12619:2013-4: Emissionen aus stationären Quellen – Bestimmung der Massenkonzentration des gesamten gasförmigen organisch gebundenen Kohlenstoffs – Kontinuierliches Verfahren mit dem Flammenionisationsdetektor, available at:, last access: 18 January 2019. 
DIN EN 15267-3:2008-03: Luftbeschaffenheit – Zertifizierung von automatischen Messeinrichtungen – Teil 3: Mindestanforderungen und Prüfprozeduren für automatische Messeinrichtungen zur Überwachung von Emissionen aus stationären Quellen, available at:, last access: 18 January 2019. 
Förster, J., Kuipers, W., Koch, C., Lenz, C., Ziesche, S., and Jurkow, D.: Miniaturised Flame Ionisation Detector for Explosion Protection in Civil Sewerage Networks, Sensor Systems and Software, S-CUBE, Springer,, 2017a. 
Förster, J., Kuipers, W., Koch, C., Lenz, C., Ziesche, S., and Jurkow, D.: A Miniaturised Flame Ionisation Detector Applicable in a Field Device, Proceedings Micro Fluidic Handling Systems, EEMCS of the University of Twente, 27–30, 2017b. 
Hill, H. H. and McMinn, D. G.: Detectors for Capillary Chromatography, Chemical Analysis, 153, 7–22, 1992. 
Short summary
Reliable detection of hydrocarbons can be achieved with a flame ionization detector (FID). However, these devices have not been implemented as true field devices yet. Miniaturization by using ceramic multilayer technology leads to a strong reduction of gas consumption and allows autonomous operation of the FID with gas supply by electrolysis. Thus, this research enables the use of the FID in the field. Characterization of this new FID reveals a performance comparable to conventional FIDs.