Articles | Volume 6, issue 1
J. Sens. Sens. Syst., 6, 65–76, 2017

Special issue: Sensors and Measurement Systems 2016

J. Sens. Sens. Syst., 6, 65–76, 2017

Regular research article 01 Feb 2017

Regular research article | 01 Feb 2017

Optimized mixed-domain signal synthesis for broadband impedance spectroscopy measurements on lithium ion cells for automotive applications

Peter Haußmann and Joachim Melbert

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Cited articles

Banerjee, A., Ziv, B., Luski, S., Aurbach, D., and Halalay, I. C.: Increasing the durability of Li-ion batteries by means of manganese ion trapping materials with nitrogen functionalities, J. Power Sources, 341, 457–465,, 2017.
Barai, A., Chouchelamane, G. H., Guo, Y., McGordon, A., and Jennings, P.: A study on the impact of lithium-ion cell relaxation on electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, J. Power Sources, 280, 74–80,, 2015.
Fischnaller, M., Melbert, J., Scharner, S., and Eichner, T.: Test Center for Aging Analysis and Characterization of Lithium-Ion Batteries for Automotive Applications, in: SAE 2011 World Congress & Exhibition, SAE Technical Paper Series, SAE International400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA, USA,, 2011.
Gamry Instruments, I.: OptiEIS: A Multisine Implementation Application Note Rev. 1.0, (last access: 25 January 2017), 2011.
Guerrero Cervera, T., Vega-Leal, A. P., Adame García, G., and Brey Sánchez, J.: PEMFC impedance spectroscopy using synthetic wide-band signals, Int. J. Hydrogen Energ., 39, 4005–4008,, 2014.
Short summary
A method to generate broadband waveforms with low peak-to-peak amplitude based on distinct frequency domain profiles is presented, which includes random phase variation and numerical optimization. The peak-to-peak amplitude can be reduced by 71 % compared to zero-phase pulses with equal frequency domain characteristics. Used as excitation signals for impedance spectroscopy, the waveforms yield good results at significantly reduced measurement duration compared to established measurement methods.