Articles | Volume 9, issue 2
J. Sens. Sens. Syst., 9, 227–238, 2020
J. Sens. Sens. Syst., 9, 227–238, 2020

Regular research article 31 Jul 2020

Regular research article | 31 Jul 2020

Measurement uncertainty analysis of field-programmable gate-array-based, real-time signal processing for ultrasound flow imaging

Richard Nauber et al.

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Cited articles

Alam, S. and Parker, K. J.: Implementation issues in ultrasonic flow imaging, Ultrasound Med. Biol., 29, 517–528,, 2003. a, b
Baker, D.: Pulsed Ultrasonic Doppler Blood-Flow Sensing, Sonics and Ultrasonics, IEEE T. Son. Ultrason., 17, 170–184,, 1970. a, b
Bjaerum, S., Torp, H., and Kristoffersen, K.: Clutter filter design for ultrasound color flow imaging, IEEE T. Ultrason. Ferr., 49, 204–216, 2002. a
Büttner, L., Nauber, R., Burger, M., Räbiger, D., Franke, S., Eckert, S., and Czarske, J.: Dual-plane ultrasound flow measurements in liquid metals, Meas. Sci. Technol., 24, 055302,, 2013. a
Chan, A., Lam, E., and Srinivasan, V.: Optimal doppler frequency estimators for ultrasound and optical coherence tomography, in: Biomedical Circuits and Systems Conference (BioCAS), IEEE, November 2012, Hsinchu, Taiwan, 264–267,, 2012. a, b, c
Short summary
To improve the energy efficiency of industrial processes, such as continuous steel casting, lab-scale experiments with liquid metals are performed. We present an ultrasound Doppler signal process for multiplane, high-frame-rate flow imaging. We achieve real-time operations with an efficient implementation in a field-programmable gate array (FPGA). We analyze the contributions to the uncertainty of the velocity measurement and relate it to its fundamental limit.